Psychosis is a serious yet treatable medical condition which causes a disturbance in the brain function. Due to this illness, people suffering with this become disconnected from reality, and eventually experience changes in their thinking, beliefs, and/or behaviours. Individuals suffering from psychosis tend to feel disoriented and distressed. Without treatment, they may grow overwhelmed and affect their lives and those of their families.
Symptoms and Causes You Should Know About
Psychotic episodes are identified by two symptoms: hallucinations and delusions. Hallucinations are when people hear, see and, at times, feel, smell or taste things that are not really there. On the other hand, delusions are when people believe things that are obviously untrue when examined rationally. While many people exhibit only one of these symptoms, some experience both. As a result, their thinking, emotions, perception and behaviours are severely disrupted.
However, it is important to keep in mind that psychosis is not a condition in itself. Rather, it is the result of mental health conditions such as:
- Schizophrenia – This long-term mental health condition can result in hallucinations, delusions, muddled thoughts and changes in behaviour. Affecting 1 in 100 people in the U.K., it is believed to be the result of genetic and environmental factors.
- Bipolar Disorder – Formerly known as manic depression, it affects 1 in every 100 adults in the U.K. Individuals suffering from it have depression or mania episodes depending on their mood at a certain point.
- Severe Depression – Depression can grow severe, forcing people suffering from it to exhibit symptoms of psychosis.
Aside from mental health disorders, psychosis may be the result of trauma, stress or conditions like substance abuse, a brain tumour and Parkinson’s disease.
Dr Ahmed should be consulted first to determine the cause of psychosis. He will inquire about your habits, mood, family history, and ability to function on a daily basis. They will then refer you or the patient to a mental health specialist for further assessment, based on which one or a combination of the following treatments will be prescribed:
- Antipsychotic medicines
- Social support to make education, employment and accommodation easier
- Psychological therapies such as one-on-one cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and family therapy
However, severe cases of psychosis with violence and aggression may require hospitalisation under the Mental Health Act 1983.
You can avoid hospitalisation by seeking help early. Make an appointment with Dr Ahmed at YourMind.Clinic emailing here to start the right treatment for you or your loved one.