Personality Disorders Explained
Personality disorders are a group of mental illnesses that are classified by inflexible long-term thought patterns and unhealthy behaviours.
They are increasingly recognised as major mental health issues.
Due to these disorders, individuals have a difficult time adapting to changes and demands of life. They find it difficult to:
- make or keel close relationships
- get on with people at work
- get on with friends and family
- keep out of trouble
- control their feelings or behaviour
- listen to other people
If someone reading this list, or knowing someone who shows signs of behaviours as listed, and in addition the listed actions cause distress and unhappiness and can lead to upsetting or harming others, then it is possible that you or loved one may have a personality disorder.
Personality disorders are divided into three clusters:
- Cluster A – Schizoid Personality Disorder, Paranoid Personality Disorder and Schizotypal Personality Disorder are categorised under this group. Each of these is a relatively mild personality disorder where the sufferer displays odd or eccentric behaviour. For example, while schizoid personalities are withdrawn and emotionally cold, paranoid personalities are guarded and prone to aggressive outbursts because they believe people to be unfaithful and deceitful.
- Cluster B – Disorders in this category tend to be more dramatic, erratic or emotional. These are the traits of Antisocial Personality Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, and Narcissistic Personality Disorder. Sufferers of these issues also ignore the rules of social behaviour and exhibit mood changes and a fluctuating self-image. Furthermore, they may exploit interpersonal relationships or become violent with people around them.
- Cluster C – Cluster C includes Avoidant Personality Disorder, Dependent Personality Disorder and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder. All of these make their sufferers extremely anxious and fearful. As a result, they often feel a sense of isolation and helplessness, especially since they cannot form relationships beyond their family circle.
Symptoms and Causes You Should Know About
While each of the different types of personality disorders have different criteria, they can be identified by a deeply ingrained, inflexible pattern of perceiving and thinking which may cause distress or impair functioning. These are sometimes caused by events occurring in a person’s early childhood. However, some believe that personality disorders are genetic issues that may be triggered by environmental factors.
When symptoms are carried to an extreme and start interfering with daily life, a diagnostic evaluation by a psychiatrist such as Dr Ahmed at Yourmind.clinic is vital. Afterwards, he may recommend one or both of the following treatments:
- Psychotherapy – Individuals with personality disorders may be treated through individual, group or family psychotherapy. Through these sessions, a mental health professional guides personalities to discover the unconscious conflicts causing their symptoms. Psychotherapy also allows people to grow flexible, countering the behaviour patterns affecting their lives.
- Medicines – These may be prescribed alone or with psychotherapy to relieve some of the symptoms of personality disorders, including anxiety and perception problems.
Due to the delicate nature of these mental disorders, it is important that experienced psychiatric care is sought. Dr Ahmed can provide you or your loved one with the help they need to fight off personality disorders, establish stronger relationships, and view the world in a more positive way.
To make an appointment email here to receive the treatment you or your loved one needs.